Of all common medical conditions, mental health problems are perhaps the most difficult to remedy. Their symptoms differ from one illness to another and from children to adults. Though the precise cause of mental illnesses is largely unknown, through extensive research, most of their symptoms have closely been associated with a combination of environmental, psychological and biological elements. These diseases differ tremendously in their manifestation and could be as mild as mood disorders to as extreme as a full psychotic breakdown. Some of this illnesses include personality disorder, mood disorder, psychotic disorders, mental decline, addictions and eating disorders. Although others can be easily treated through therapy, simple medication and a change in their physical environment or rehabilitation, others do not have known cures and can only be managed.
Faulty neuro-transmission is the most common biological explanation for this condition. Neurotransmitters are chemicals used to pass information and connect certain parts of the brain. They play an essential role as they provide reliable means through which brain nerve cells can communicate. When for any reason their proper functioning is altered or hampered, the brain’s working becomes, this leads to a myriad of mental health issues, some of which are extremely difficult to deal with. Some of the biological causes of mental health include; genetics, brain defects infections and birth injuries. Experts firmly believe that some of these illnesses can be reliably linked to defects in a person’s genes. These abnormalities can then be inherited from parent to offspring. Susceptibility to this disease can also be inherited, meaning a person may not exactly exhibit mental illness symptoms until a trigger such as sexual abuse, loss of a parent or stress becomes available. Infections such as the streptococcus bacteria and mechanical injury from a fall or accident are also known causes of mental disorders.
Autism is suspected to be caused by, among other things, loss of oxygen to the brain during birth. This causes a disruption in the development of the fetal brain resulting in a lifetime of mental retardation. Extreme psychological trauma stemming from physical and emotional abuse as a child can lead to a person developing mental problems. As stated earlier, the each mental illness has its own indicators though some may be common.
Among the most common of these conditions is Schizophrenia. It is characterized by a total lack of empathy and emotions. People suffering from this condition are also known to have very low regard for personal hygiene, socially withdrawn, very forgetful and lack self-motivation. Alzheimer’s disease patients are known to be very irritable and aggressive. They do not have the ability to memories and often suffer from intense mood swings and confusion. This disease eventually leads to long-term memory loss and patient exhibit a language breakdown losing their ability to communicate effectively.
Bipolar disorder is also another disease with such symptoms. Additionally, patients suffer from depression, sadness and a disturbingly low sense of self-worth. They also exhibit a poor sleeping pattern. People suffering from depression have a poor appetite besides lack of sleep, poor memory and concentration. They also have a deep underlying hatred for themselves and are often suicidal. Agoraphobia patients are different. They do not have a poor memory or appetite but feel detached from the real world. They often feel helpless and suffer from panic attacks. They also prefer being alone and try as much to avoid public or crowded places. While some of these symptoms can only be managed. Some are treatable especially when detected at an early stage.